The census is mandated by the U.S. Constitution in Article 1, Section 2. Once a decade since 1790, America comes together to count every resident in the United States, creating national awareness of the importance of the census and its valuable statistics.
It counts our population and households, providing the basis for how many seats in Congress each state gets, and how billions of dollars in federal funding will flow into states and communities each year — impacting housing, education, transportation, employment, health care and public policy.
Counting an increasingly diverse and growing population is a massive undertaking. It requires years of planning and the support of thousands of people.
Ultimately, the success of the census depends on everyone’s participation.
For more information, visit: 2020census.gov.
- Beginning in mid March, people will receive a notice in the mail to complete the 2020 Census.
- By April 1, every home will receive an invitation to participate in the 2020 Census. Once the invitation arrives, you can respond for your home in one of three ways: online, by phone or by mail.
- In May, the U.S. Census Bureau will begin following up in person with households that haven’t responded to the census.
- The Bureau is expected to announce the new population counts by Dec. 31. For a complete timeline, click here.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONSThe U.S. Census Bureau has shared this FAQ.
Spread the Word
The 2020 Census is more than a population count. It's an opportunity to shape the future of your community. Through your social media channels, your voice can make a difference. The U.S. Census Bureau has downloadable images and graphics including facts, how-to guides and more that you can use to encourage your friends and family members to participate in the 2020 Census.